Тема: Світові спортивні знаменитості
Мета: вдосконалювати навички усного мовлення й читання; розвивати культуру спілкування й мовленнєву реакцію учнів; розвивати логічне мислення; виховувати правильне ставлення до спорту, а також загальну культуру учнів.
1) Do you know many world famous sportsmen?
2) What sports do theу represent?
3) Why are they famous all over the world?
Listen to the text and do the task.
David Beckham is an English footballer who has played for Manchester United and Real Madrid, as well as representing his country 100 times. He moved to the Los Angeles Galaxy in 2007 to increase the profile of football in America. He married Spice Girl Victoria Beckham and has become a worldwide celebrity, an advertising brand and a fashion icon.
Beckham was born in London in 1975. His parents were fanatical Manchester United supporters. His talent was obvious from an early age and he signed with Manchester United on his fourteenth birthday. He helped the youth team win several trophies and made his first team debut in 1995. He helped his team achieve considerable success in his eleven seasons with them.
Beckham has been runner-up twice as world football’s best player. He won many trophies with Manchester United, including the Champions League, and won a league title with Real Madrid. He also captained his club and country. He was famously sent off in a match against Argentina in the 1998 World Cup. In 2003, Beckham received an honour for services to football from Britain’s Queen.
Beckham has many interests off the soccer pitch and is rarely out of the headlines, especially concerning his marriage and children. He has established football academies in Los Angeles and London. In 2006 he was named a judge for the British Book Awards. He lives near Tom Cruise and the two are best buddies. Beckham is also a United Nations Goodwill Ambassador.
Put the lines in the correct order according to the text.
|marriage and children. He has established football academies in Los Angeles and London. In 2006 he was named a|
|Beckham has been runner-up twice as world football’s best player. He won many trophies with|
|buddies. Beckham is also a United Nations Goodwill Ambassador.|
|Beckham has many interests off the soccer pitch and is rarely out of the headlines, especially concerning his|
|Manchester United, including the Champions League, and won a league title with Real Madrid. He also captained his|
|as representing his country 100 times. He moved to the Los Angeles Galaxy in 2007 to increase the profile of|
|football in America. He married Spice Girl Victoria Beckham and has become a|
|from an early age and he signed with Manchester United on his fourteenth birthday. He helped the youth team win|
|judge for the British Book Awards. He lives near Tom Cruise and the two are best|
|several trophies and made his first team debut in 1995. He helped his team|
|Beckham received an honour for services to football from Britain’s Queen|
|club and country. He was famously sent off in a match against Argentina in the 1998 World Cup. In 2003,|
|Beckham was born in London in 1975. His parents were fanatical Manchester United supporters. His talent was obvious|
|1||David Beckham is an English footballer who has played for Manchester United and Real Madrid, as well|
|worldwide celebrity, an advertising brand and a fashion icon|
|achieve considerable success in his eleven seasons with them|
3. Reading and speaking
Read some information about Tiger Woods.
Tiger Woods is one of the most successful golfers ever. He has the potential to be the greatest of all time. He has been number one in the world for most of the past decade and looks like hanging on to that position for a while to come. His real name is Eldrick; Tiger is a nickname his father gave him.
Tiger shot to fame as a two-year-old. He showed off his skills on television in 1978 with comedian Bob Hope. In 1990, aged 15, he became the youngest ever U.S. Junior Amateur Champion. There were dozens of records and victories in between. In 1994, Woods became the youngest ever winner of the U.S. Amateur Championship. He turned professional two years later.
Sports experts predict he will become sports first billionaire. He cannot stop winning. He has the second highest number of major golf championships of any male player, and he’s still young. His career is full of impressive records. He’s the youngest player to win the US Open and the youngest and fastest to win 50 tournaments. It seems likely he’ll break more records.
Woods is a Buddhist. He got his faith from his Thai mother. He said it helps control his stubbornness and impatience. It perhaps also explains his charity work. He has set up many projects to help disadvantaged youngsters. He believes being a good role model is much more important than golf and has helped thousands of teenagers around the world.
► Work in pairs.
Write five questions about Tiger Woods to ask your partner.
1) Do you think professional sportsmen earn too much money?
2) Who do you think is the best all around athlete in the world?
3) Is it good that professional sports are so commercial nowadays?
Look for some information and write a short paragraph about a world famous sportsman. (Знайди інформацію та напиши короткий абзац про відомого світового спрортсмена)
Тема: Контроль аудіювання
Мета: перевірити рівень умінь учнів з аудіювання.
Listen to the text and do the task.
THE HISTORY OF ICE CREAM
The first frozen dessert is credited to Emperor Nero of Rome. It was a mixture of snow (which he sent his slaves into the mountains to retrieve) and nectar, fruit pulp and honey. Another theory is Marco Polo, 13th century bard and adventurer, brought with him to Europe from the Far East recipes for water ices… said to be used in Asia for thousands of years.
In 1700 Governor Bladen of Maryland served ice cream to his guests.
The first ice cream parlor in America, opened in New York City in 1776.
Dolly Madison created a sensation when she served ice cream as a dessert in the White House at the second inaugural ball in 1812.
Italo Marchiony sold his homemade ice cream from a pushcart on Wall Street. He reduced his overhead caused by customers breaking or wandering off with his serving glasses by baking edible waffle cups with sloping sides and a flat bottom. He patented his idea in 1903.
Others link the ice cream cone’s invention to the 1904 World’s Fair in St. Louis. An ice ream vendor there reportedly didn’t have enough dishes to keep up with demand, so he teamed up with a waffle vendor who rolled his product into “cornucopias”.
Invention of the ice cream soda is usually attributed to Robert M. Green, who operated a soda water concession in Philadelphia. Green, who sold a mix of carbonated water, cream, and syrup, apparently ran out of cream and substituted ice cream, hoping his customers wouldn’t notice. But they did and daily sales receipts climbed from $6 to $600.
During the stuffy Victorian period, drinking soda water was considered improper, so some towns banned its sale on Sundays. An enterprising druggist in Evanston, IN, reportedly concocted a legal Sunday alternative containing ice cream and syrup, but no soda. To show respect for the Sabbath, he later changed the spelling to “sundae”.
In 1843, New England housewife Nancy Johnson invented the hand- cranked ice cream churn. She patented her invention but lacked the resources to make and market the churn herself. Mrs. Johnson sold the patent for $200 to a Philadelphia kitchen wholesaler who, by 1847, made enough freezers to satisfy the high demand. From 1847 to 1877, more than 70 improvements to ice cream churns were patented.
The first commercial ice cream plant was established in Baltimore in 1851 by Jacob Fussell.
In 1983, Cookies ‘N Cream, made with real Oreo cookies, became an instant hit, climbing to number five on the list of best-selling ice cream flavors. It also holds the distinction of being the fastest growing new flavor in the history of the ice cream industry.
In 1991, another flavor phenomenon was created — Chocolate Chip Cookie Dough ice cream, which combines the best part of the Chocolate Chip cookie — the raw dough — with creamy vanilla ice cream and semi-sweet chocolate chips.
|1)||1776||a)||The ice cream churn was invented|
|2)||1812||b)||Cookies ‘N Cream ice cream became very popular|
|3)||1843||c)||Ice cream as a dessert was served in the White House|
|4)||1903||d)||The World’s Fair started selling ice cream cones|
|5)||1904||e)||The first ice cream parlor opened in America|
|6)||1983||f)||Ice cream in waffle cups was patented|
Listen to the interview and do the task.
WHAT IF YOUR DREAM JOB WAS TO GIVE OTHER PEOPLE NIGHTMARES?
That’s the fun and frightful profession that makes Josiah George of Boston wake up each day looking forward to nightfall with a touch of sinister glee, especially during the Halloween season. George is one of a troupe of talented, costumed performers that take tourists on a unique excursion of Boston locales and dark streets. They are guides on Boston’s Ghosts and Gravestones tour, which unveils some of the city’s Colonial secrets with a delightfully eerie witch’s brew of scary fun and macabre history, mixed with a dash of dark humor.
Josiah — who goes by the stage name in character of Lucious Branch, a gravedigger from Colonial times — shared his thoughts on what makes his job a fun-filled scream each night.
Q: How did you become involved in this unique job?
A: I answered a posting for a cold audition in 2005 and did a reading of Edgar Allan Poe’s ‘Tell Tale Heart.’ The performance manager at the time was a Poe fan, and it was a no-brainer for him to hire me. Since then, for me and my co-workers, this is more than just a job. As a theatrical performer, you learn there aren’t too many jobs where the group becomes a cohesive, continuing troupe that stays together year after year. It’s great to come back to the same group of people each season.
Q: How does this company of performers work to put on several performances each night over a season?
A: We have 14 actors and a manager. Once we pass the audition, we’re given a script with all the basic historic material, which is told in a narrative sense. What’s great about this gig is that you’re able to develop your own unique character from the original script. I tell the macabre stories from my character’s perspective.
Q: What do you enjoy most about this job of frightening folks?
A: One of the best parts of my job is being a true storyteller. I get to pass these old stories about Boston’s past from generation to generation. It’s almost like telling scary stories around a campfire and creating a scary, macabre mood for the listeners. What’s particularly enjoyable for me are the people I get to work with and the people who enjoy the tour.
Q: What’s the greatest challenge you face?
A: I think it’s painting the right atmosphere for each group amid sometimes difficult distractions. The tour is conducted, in part, inside a moving vehicle, with street noises and people hollering and more. The guide needs to work off the reactions of the audience. Some of the reactions are, well, to die for.
We’ve dealt with all kinds of unexpected distractions, from people fainting on the tour for any number of reasons; but they’re always happy and have fun. Once, we had a group of drag queens spontaneously join in our tour as we were walking. I suspect some of the paying customers weren’t sure if they were part of the show. But, that’s the unexpected fun of this tour. There’s always surprise.
As much as Josiah loves his moonlighting job as a theatrical gravedigger, he hasn’t given up on his daytime job and equally enjoyable passion. By night, he may be bringing thrills and chills to Boston’s tourists; however, by day Josiah is the Equity stage manager for the Stoneham Theater outside of Boston.
► True or false
1) Josiah George is a professional actor.
2) People take this tour because they love being frightened.
3) Josiah George has this job during the year.
4) Josiah George was admitted to the troupe after audition.
5) Josiah George performs his parts strictly according to scripts.
6) Only the narrator creates the right atmosphere.
Do ex.7, p.208-209
(Виконати впр.7, с.208-209)